Ph.D. Public Lecture

**Ph.D. Public Lecture**

Speaker: Oussama Hamza (Western)

"Special quotients of Absolute Galois Groups with applications in Number Theory and Pythagorean fields."

Time: 10:00 - 11:00

Room: WSC 248

Â This talk aims to present the results obtained by Oussama Hamza, during his PhD studies, and his collaborators: Christian Maire, Jan Minac and Nguyen Duy Tan.

Their work precisely focuses on realisation of pro-p Galois groups over some fields with specific properties for a fixed prime p: especially filtrations and cohomology. Hamza was particularly interested on Number and Pythagorean fields.

This talk will mostly deal with the latest results obtained by Hamza and his collaborators on Formally real Pythagorean fields of finite type (RPF). For this purpose, they introduced a class of pro-2 groups, which is called $\Delta$-RAAGs, and studied some of their filtrations. Using previous work of Minac and Spira, Hamza and his collaborators showed that every pro-2 Absolute Galois group of a RPF is $\Delta$-RAAG. Conversely if a group is $\Delta$-RAAG and a pro-2 Absolute Galois group, then the underlying field is necessarily RPF. This gives us a new criterion to detect Absolute Galois groups.

Finally, we also show that pro-2 Absolute Galois groups of RPF satisfy the Kernel unipotent conjecture jointly introduced by Minac and Tan with the Massey vanishing conjecture, which attracted a lot of interest.